What Is Acne?

What Is Acne?

Acne is a skin condition that affects people all over the world including children, teenagers, and even adults. Usually, it is associated with puberty, but it can still affect a person in adulthood. It is important to have the basic understanding of acne. This way, you get to know how to handle it.

Now, what exactly is acne? It is a skin condition that usually manifests in the form of whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples. All these leave your skin with marks and worse even scars. Such look unsightly that you feel uncomfortable. It may even lower your self-esteem.

The most affected area due to acne is usually the face, where you will notice pimples. Other areas such as the back, chest, and neck, you may have blackheads or whiteheads.

Whiteheads occur when your pores are small. Blackheads clog large pores on the skin. They can develop into pimples or lumps and cause problematic. Excess sebum clogs the opening of a hair follicle causing whiteheads or blackheads. Other forms of acne are papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts. These are worse forms of acne.

Several factors cause acne. They include:

Hormones

This applies mostly to adolescents. As a teenager, your body is experiencing a series of changes. If you are lucky, you will not experience any acne problems. However, some teenagers struggle with it because of hormonal changes. Androgen is the hormone that increases secretion of sebum (oil) in males and females. When your skin releases more oils, they clog your pores and lead to breakouts causing acne.

Some women will tell you that during menstruation, they experience breakouts. It is because of the hormones working in their system at the time. Even some pregnant women struggle with acne. It is all about hormonal changes.

Skin type

If you have an oily skin, you are more likely to suffer from acne than someone with a different skin type such as dry or combination. Imagine your sweat glands releasing more oils, yet you have an oily skin. It makes the situation worse. That is why there are special skin products for people with oily skin.

Bacteria

Everyone has the acne bacterium called Propionibacterium Acnes in their hair follicles. If they multiply in the follicle, they release substances that break down sebum thus causing inflammation. This leads to breakouts and severe acne sometimes.

Genetics

Some acne cases run in the family. It is something you are born with. If you know this is the cause, then take necessary steps to remedy it.

There are a number of measures to help deal with acne.

Diet

There is no direct connection between the type of food and acne. However, it is important to watch what you eat if at all it will help reduce acne. Some of the foods to eat rarely include processed sugars and foods. They contain substances that contribute to inflamed skin, which eventually causes acne.

Improve your skin care routine

This is about how you treat your skin. If you have an oily face or skin, consider cleansing. Wash your face or skin in the morning and evening to get rid of the night’s and day’s dirt and sweat. Do not sleep with makeup on. Refrain from touching your face since you will be transferring dirt from your hands to your face.

Avoid scrubbing your body or face too hard. You are only making it worse. Be gentle because when you scrub you irritate your skin, cause inflammation and eventually have breakouts.

Use safe skin care products

One of the things that worsen acne is skin care products. Some of them have components that are bad for an acne-affected skin. For example, if you have an oily face (because this is the most affected area for many people) avoid products with alcohol.

Exfoliate using items with salicylic acid (BHA). Silicones and mineral oils clog pores. Look for products with Benzoyl Peroxide, sulfur, Retin-A, and Azelaic Acid. Besides, do not use skincare products with harsh substances. It would be better if you use homemade products. They do not have additives and other harmful chemicals.

Seek medical help

Now, when your acne is very bad, you have tried every remedy, and it is not working, it is time to see a dermatologist. He or she will advise you on what you should do. He or she will give you prescriptions for products such as creams. If it is worse, you may need surgery to fix your problem, but let us hope it does not get there.

Acne is a skin problem caused by several things. It does not matter the cause. There is something you can do to help cure it.